Birds’ Keen Sense of Smell Causes Plastic Ingestion

A Pintado Petrel (Cape Pigeon) feeds on minute sealife in Carnley Harbour on Enderby Island in the Auckland Islands group. (Photo by Ross Land/Getty Images)
A woman in Glasglow, Scotland has been filmed doing a Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on a dead bird.
The video, which immediately went viral after it was tweeted by a user named Charlotte, baffled people, prompting them to ask — does CPR work on birds?
Noha Abou-Madi, a wildlife veterinarian with the Janet L. Swanson Wildlife Center at the Cornell University Hospital for Animals told Audobon.org that birds are rescued in the same way humans would be, only with a few modifications.

Experts warn that birds are obviously smaller than humans, as such they are more fragile. Pumping the bird’s chest might cause a rib to break. CPR is also done only if there is no respiration, no clear airway and no pulse or heartbeat. If the bird has a p… Read more

First Enterococci Appeared on Earth during Ordovician Period, Says Study

According to a new study published today in the journal Cell , the enterococci — gram-positive aerobic bacteria and a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections — arose from an ancestor that dates back 450 million years (Ordovician period), about the time when animals were first crawling onto land.

This digitally-colorized scanning electron microscopic image depicts Enterococcus faecalis . Image credit: Pete Wardell / CDC.
“By analyzing the genomes and behaviors of today’s enterococci, we were able to rewind the clock back to their earliest existence and piece together a picture of how these organisms were shaped into what they are today,” said Dr. Ashlee Earl, group leader for the Bacterial Genomics Group at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and co-corresponding author of the study.
“Un… Read more

Whale

A humpback whale is seen fluking outside Sydney Heads at the beginning of whale watching season in Sydney, Australia.
(Photo : Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)
Cameras attached to humpback whales in Antarctica revealed their unique feeding habits.
According to Business Insider, Australian and US scientists working off the Antarctic Peninsula in the Gerlache Strait managed to attach non-invasive camera tags with 3D motion sensors on the whales. The device were stuck on their backs for 24 to 48 hours.

Upon retrieving the device, which was attached with the help of a suction, the researchers found recordings showing the feeding behavior of the humpback whales, including the animals lunge-feeding into tight swarms of krill.  Not only did it show a footage, but it also recorded their exact movements and the depths of each of their dive.
“We have some wonderful data on different feeding st… Read more

Dinosaur

(Photo : Nicky Loh/Getty Images)
The Ghostbusters monster dubbed Zuul, a horned demon-like creature who famously emerged from the refrigerator, has now inspired the name of a newly discovered 75-million-year-old dinosaur.
«Me and my co-author David Evans were batting around ideas for what to name it, and I just half-jokingly said, «It looks like Zuul from Ghostbusters,»» co-author Victoria Arbour of the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) and University of Toronto told CBC News. «Once we put that out there we couldn’t not name it that.»
According to a report from The Guardian, the Zuul was one of the most complete specimens ever found with a complete skull, a tail club and preserved soft tissues. The scientists excavated a quarry in Montana where they were able to find the fossils in a remarkably well-preserved state.
The size of the plant-eating animal is impressive, stretching six meters (… Read more

Endangered Blue Whales Spotted Off California Coast

There are only about 10,000 to 25,000 blue whales globally, making them an endangered species. Climate change poses threat to its population, as warmer temperature may kill krill population, blue whale’s top prey.
(Photo : David McNew/Getty Images)
A drone footage of a blue whale feeding off the New Zealand Coast has been captured by researchers from the Oregon State University.  The rare recording shows that the big mammals are picky eaters, and they won’t consume the meal, unless its size is worth their effort.
On the video (see below), the big mammal is seen lunging towards a big patch of krill, roughly about its size. As it approaches its meal diligently, it turns on its side, pumps its flukes and increases its speed to about 6.7 miles per hour. On the other hand, another scenario shows the whale passing through a smaller patch of krill without feeding on it.
“Modeling studies of blue wha… Read more

Louie baby dinosaur

Baby Louie, a baby dragon egg discovered in China was finally identified. It apparently belongs to certain feathery species of dinosaur.
(Photo : Science and more/YouTube)
Baby Louie, a fossilized infant dragon, is a famous dinosaur embryo. National Geographic debuted the baby dragon in 1996. Today, it has received its proper species  name and was identified to belong to a dinosaur family.
Baby Louie, the baby dragon, re-appeared two decades after it was first introduced because a recent paper published in the journal Nature identified its origin. The illustration of the pebble brown reptile inside an egg cut in half showing the embryo popularized Baby Louie when it appeared as a cover of the said magazine.
The baby dragon was discovered in a nest of dinosaur eggs more than 25 years ago. It is believed to be a feathered species that could potentially grow up to 1,000 kilograms, accordin… Read more

Dinosaur Bones

The headless dinosaur skeleton in Dinosaur Provincial Park in southern Alberta and the dinosaur skull stored in the university’s Paleontology Museum actually belonged together.
(Photo : Bradley Kanaris/Getty Images)
Researchers from the University of Alberta found that the headless dinosaur skeleton at Dinosaur Provincial Park in Southern Alberta and the dinosaur skull stored in the university’s Paleontology Museum actually belonged together.
Their discovery, described in a paper published in the journal Cretaceous Research, shows that it’s very common for some parts of a dinosaur fossil to be dug up in different time, taking several years apart. In the case of the headless dinosaur skeleton in the Dinosaur Provincial Park, it took nearly a century before scientists can match it to a Corythosaurus skull.
“In the early days of dinosaur hunting and exploration, explorers o… Read more

dogs

The gender reassignment was decided upon so Molly could live normally in comfort. She underwent surgery in June, when she was about six months old, and she has now recovered fully.

(Photo : Leon Neal/Getty Images)
Molly, the rare «hermaphrodite» dog had undergone gender reassignment surgery.
As described by the veterinarian who discovered the Jack Russell’s case back in November 2015, Molly had male testicles, which had not descended, and female genitalia with a poorly formed «vestigial» penis.
«Some folk would use the term intersex, some would say non-binary, in that she is not male or female, but the correct scientific term is that she is a male pseudohermaphrodite,» Glasglow vet Ross Allan told BBC Scotland’s Kaye Adams Program.
Allan asserts that Molly’s case is extremely rare with only 15 similar cases documented.
As reported by Telegraph, Molly’s owners, Mary and Frank Finl… Read more

Jack Russell

A Jack Russell terrier named Molly underwent gender reassignment surgery after her owners realized she had both male and female organs.
(Photo : Photo by Leon Neal/Getty Images)
It turns out that even dogs can get a little confused. A Jack Russell terrier named Molly underwent gender reassignment surgery after the dog’s owners realized she had both male and female organs.
According to a report from Metro, 18-month-old Molly was initially believed to be female. Over time, her owners Mary and Frank Finlay from Glasgow observed that she was acting oddly and displaying typically male behavior including lifting her leg to pee.  Concerned, the couple took her to the veterinary where it was discovered that Molly has an ovary, but also testes and a small appendage.
«We got Molly in November 2015 and noticed that around the house she would squat to do her pees but outside she would lift her leg,» Fr… Read more

New Womb-Like Device May Transform Care for Extremely Premature Infants

A unique womb-like environment designed by pediatric researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia — which is in an experimental stage using animal models — could transform care for extremely premature babies: after birth, they would be immersed in lab-made amniotic fluid — and kept underwater for weeks.

Most previous attempts at creating a womb-like device used artificial pumps to drive the blood through the system, causing heart failure. In the system invented by Partridge et al , the fetal heart is the only pump. It is different in other key ways. Use of the bag, rather than a more open container, nearly eliminated the infection issues that contributed to previous failures. And while previous attempts relied on blood vessels in the neck, the authors figured out how to quickly and successfull… Read more

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